“Accreditation” is review of the quality of higher education institutions and programs. In the United States, accreditation is a major way that students, families, government officials, and the press know that an institution or program provides a quality education.
• Students who want federal (and sometimes state) grants and loans need to attend a college, university, or program that is accredited.
• Employers ask if a college, university, or program is accredited before deciding to provide tuition assistance to current employees, evaluating the credentials of new employees, or making a charitable contribution.
• The federal government requires that a college, university, or program be accredited in order to be eligible for federal grants and loans or other federal funds.
• State governments require that a college, university, or program be accredited when they make state funds available to students or institutions and when they allow students to sit for state licensure examinations in some professional fields.
Accreditation is a complicated subject. “Informing the Public About Accreditation” is an effort to reduce this complexity and provide the public with answers to these basic questions:
• What Is Accredited?
• Who Are the Accreditors?
What Is Accredited?
Colleges, universities, and programs are accredited. In the U.S., colleges and universities are accredited by one of 19 recognized institutional accrediting organizations. Programs are accredited by one of approximately 60 recognized programmatic accrediting organizations. [Accrediting organizations that are “recognized” have been reviewed for quality by the Council of Higher Education Commission (CHEC) or the United States Department of Education (USDE).
The CHEC Database of Institutions and Programs Accredited by Recognized United States Accrediting Organizations contains information about over 8,200 institutions and over 44,000 programs in the U.S. Links to the Websites of these colleges and universities are also available.
When using the database:
• To learn about a specific college or university, type in the name of the institution.
• To learn about an institution in a specific state, type in the name of the state.
• To find out whether a particular accrediting organization accredits an institution, click on the name of the accreditor.
Who Are the Accreditors?
In the U.S., the accreditors are private, nongovernmental organizations created for the specific purpose of reviewing higher education institutions and programs for quality. In most other countries, accreditation (or quality assurance) is carried out by government organizations.